Trusting Jesus when you’re tempted

Here is a slightly amended version of my sermon preached on Sunday 5th March, the first Sunday in Lent. The Scripture is Matthew 4:1-11, Jesus’ temptation in the wilderness. 

My hope is to try and put on some reflections over Lent, so thought this would be a good place to start. Do forgive the fact it’s not completely polished, but hope I will be helpful anyway.

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There isn’t a single person in church today who hasn’t been tempted at some point. No one is immune to it. None of us walk through life with some kind of protective bubble, shielding us from things which will  enter into our lives as destructive influences.

The word temptation has lost a lot of its power. When advertisers talk about temptation they use it in such a way as to suggest that here is something a merely a bit naughty that we shouldn’t have, but isn’t really bad for you. ‘Go on, anyway you know you want to.’

Temptation is not necessarily the problem. Jesus was tempted by the devil in the wilderness. And there was nothing that Jesus did in his life and ministry that was sinful. He remained sinless but he was still tempted. So temptation is not the issue, but failing to resist it. Our muscles grow through resistance. If your muscles don’t face resistance then they will begin to become weak. Temptation is the resistance our spiritual muscles face and, like a muscle, if you don’t use you will weaken in your ability to resist temptation

In the account of Jesus’ temptation in the desert, Jesus teaches us here what temptation really is and how we are to resist it. In the letter to the Hebrews, we read this: “Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.” Like a kind older brother, Jesus is showing us the way to do it. He’s the forerunner. He’s run the course. He was was the first person in history to fully resist Satan’s temptation. And so because he has done it, he has given us the power to do so too.

The context

Jesus has just been confirmed as the Son of God. He has been baptised and stood alongside people who came to John in repentance for their sins, and with a desire to live a new life. The voice from heaven affirms him in his identity: “This is my son.” And God’s pleasure: “With whom I am well pleased.” None of what follows is because Jesus has displeased his Father; indeed, quite the opposite.

Jesus is affirmed by God by the Holy Spirit, and immediately he’s sent out into the desert for 40 days of fasting and prayer. And its there that he will do battle with God’s enemy, Satan. And he’s sent there in order for the battle. For all of us, sin is a reality. Even if we have been Christians for many years, we are tempted to sin, and to put our trust in anything but God.

But sadly we forget that we are in a battle. The war has been won, but the battles and skirmishes -which can still be costly – continue in our lives. But the good news is that Satan is a spent force; he has no authority, so can be defeated. He has been defeated by Christ on the cross, and the battle in the wilderness here is a foretaste of it.

And as Jesus defeats Satan here, he leaves behind his tools for us to pick up and use in our battles with temptation.

The devil’s temptations, if received and acted on, are always intrusive, always destructive and always seek to distance us from our heavenly Father. Repeat. They are always intrusive, always destructive and always seek to distance us from our heavenly Father. No one ever said “I’m so pleased I was tempted to do that; I’m so pleased I gave into that temptation.” No. Always intrusive, always destructive, always distancing us from our heavenly Father.

But on the other side, God uses this testing to prove us, and refine us. So when we go through a period of what appears to be testing, when we are tempted, that does not mean that God is somehow against us. Just as the devil uses temptation to make us fall, to ruin us, so God tests in order to prove our faith and his power.

In 1 Peter 1:7, Peter tells embattled Christians that their faith is being tested like gold refined in fire, so that the genuineness of their faith can be seen (by themselves, by those around them, and by God). If you are a Christian, God’s Spirit is working inside you to give you power, always for your good, and always to bring you closer to God so you can rely on his grace and provision.

The temptations

To really appreciate these, remember that Jesus has been fasting for 40 days. He has gone without food for all that time. So he’s hungry – very hungry. Perhaps he’s moved beyond the aching of an empty stomach. Imagine that kind of hunger. But Jesus is not weak, far from it. Because he has been concentrating on his Father, he has been spiritually preparing for this battle.

The first temptation is about purpose. Notice Satan starts ‘if you are the Son of God…’ trying to encourage Jesus to use his powers to create bread. But God has said no; Jesus has not come to serve himself but others. So his powers are not there to merely serve himself, but God. So he replies, “Man doesn’t live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.”

Jesus is talking about obedience to his Father. And Jesus chooses to obey his Father, and not listen to Satan’s sly words to try and make him listen to him instead.

The second temptation is about trust. Jesus is taken to the very top of the temple, and encouraged to throw himself down. Why? Because God said that he would send his angels to bear you up so that you don’t even stub your toe. But that would be putting himself in danger when no danger existed, or was needed.

Satan’s taunts here are all about trying to get Jesus to prove his Father’s love and care for him. “If you are the Son of God, prove it.” It’s like a playground taunt: “Go on – prove it. I dare you.” But Jesus doesn’t need to. He knows that Satan’s use of Scripture is a misuse. “Don’t put God to the test,” is his response. He is secure in his identity, and secure in the knowledge of his Father’s love and care for him. He won’t use his power for the sake of pleasing Satan or proving God’s love for himself.

The third temptation sees Satan showing Jesus all the kingdoms of the world and offering them to him, in return for exclusive worship. These are not Satan’s to offer. In fact, they are Jesus’ already. So what is the devil tempting Jesus with?

All three temptations are attempts to swerve Jesus from what he has come to do: to go to the cross. If Jesus cannot endure hunger without finding a shortcut through his power to provide bread for himself, he will not endure the cross.

If Jesus has to have God prove his love for him, he will not go to the cross. Jesus himself said that he could have called down an army of angels to fight for him instead to going to Calvary. But instead he chose the cross.

The nations are Jesus’. But they must be redeemed. Jesus could have come in power and glory, and demonstrated his power and majesty from the beginning. But he didn’t. Why? Because he had come not to be served but to serve, and give his life as a ransom for many.(Matthew 20:28) He had come to die on the cross for our sins. Without the cross, he would be Lord, but not Saviour.

But as he is, the cross and resurrection prove he is both.

How do I apply this to my heart?  

Here are a number of applications we can take from this example left for us by Jesus.

  1. Jesus fights the devil with Scripture. One of the things I have noticed in my ministry is just how difficult it is to get people to read their Bibles. The bible is not just a set of rules, guidelines, history. It is the word of God. In Ephesians 6, Paul describes a Christian like a soldier dressed for battle. He has the shield of faith to protect against the devil’s arrows. But the only offensive weapon is the ‘Sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God’ (Ephesians 6:17). But most Christians walk around with the sword left at home, leaving themselves utterly unprotected. We need to know our Bibles, we need to know the promises of God, what God has said and done, and what he continues to say and do. We need to fill our heads and hearts with God’s word – and believe it – and hold up God’s truth if we are to counter the devil’s lies.
  2. Here is encouragement: resist the devil and he will flee from you. (James 4:17) He has no choice.
  3. Sin is fundamentally lazy. It always prefers the easy route, the quiet life, the road of least resistance. Temptation is always a lie though it seems like truth at the time.
  4. We need to trust in the gracious provision of God. God doesn’t withhold good things from his children. And when he appears to, it is because he has a much better provision for us. But we tend to want to take the shortcut. God delights in us trusting him. It brings glory to him when we entrust ourselves fully on him. Don’t believe the devil’s lies that God doesn’t care, doesn’t act. he does.
  5. Jesus said, “Come to me all who are weary and heavy laden and I will give you rest.” Whe things are tough, we need to find our comfort in Christ and his promises We talk about comfort eating, comfort shopping. But they aren’ helpful, and can be destructive. Where do we go? We need to do more comfort praying, comfort bible studying, finding comfort in talking to a friend about our difficulties.
  6. Sin is fundamentally destructive. Satan is a liar. So we need to trust in God’s truth. God loves us, and will always provide. God always provides the strength for those who trust him.
  7. The devil wants you to believe that once you’ve sinned, once you’ve given into temptation that’s it. You’re done. You’re guilty. But the cross tells a different story. It tells us that we are forgiven, that we are redeemed. No sin is too great to remove us from God’s love. So when we do fail God is not finished with us. The cross is the power of God to remove sin, to remove guilt, and restore us.

The hymn Before the Throne of God Above has a great verse that reminds us of this:

When Satan tempts me to despair,

And tells me of the guilt within

Upward I look and see him there

Who made an end to all my sin

Because the sinless Saviour died

My sinful soul is counted free

For God the just is satisfied

To look on him and pardon me.    (Charity Lee Bancroft)

So in conclusion, Jesus has left us the tools, the sword to fight back the devil’s lies. We need to believe and trust in God, and in his character and his loving purposes. The devil chose what he thought was Jesus’ weakest moment. But spending 40 days in his Father’s presence, devoting himself to him, resting on him, listening to him, meant he was in the perfect condition to resist the devil.

Jesus has won the ultimate victory against sin, evil and the devil by dying on the cross for our sins. He has won the ultimate victory. And it’s not our strength that defeats temptation, but the strength which God gives us through his Holy Spirit. Jesus has gone before us, so trust in the way he leads us. He is able and will help those who are being tempted.

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A drive-by lesson in love

So, this week I was on my way to church for a funeral I was conducting. I always try to leave enough time to be there at least 20-30 minutes early, just so I can prepare myself for the service. By the time I left home, I was just about ‘on time’ by my schedule.

However, as I was driving through the village, I noticed a van in the middle of the road, broken down. It was a milk-van (yes we still have milk delivered here!) As I waited in the road to get past, the driver, with some effort, started pushing the van back into a side road. It looked hard work.

I drove on.

But as I drove, I couldn’t help feeling guilty for not stopping to help. The more I thought about it, the more clear it became to me that I could have got out and helped him move the van. It must have been pretty heavy.  Okay, he looked fit, but a helping hand probably wouldn’t have been refused.

But I didn’t; I drove on. I told myself that I didn’t have time, I didn’t want to be late. Now, I had a a good reason. I was on my way to a funeral, after all. Surely that was important. But it probably would have taken no more than 2 minutes to get out of the car, push the van and be off. I had time. Actually, he probably would have got it out of the way quicker with a bit of help.

I started thinking about the parable of the good Samaritan,

There is the man, attacked by robbers, lying injured and bleeding on the side of the road. For hours he lies, weakened and half-dead in the scorching heat. He’s in desperate need of help. And then a figure starts coming into sight.

“A priest happened to be going down the same road, and when he saw the man, he passed by on the other side.” (Luke 10:31)

Maybe the priest thought he was dead, and didn’t want to get himself ritually unclean by touching a dead body. Or perhaps he was on his way to the Temple to fulfil his religious duties. Maybe he was running a bit late, and didn’t have time to stop. But he should have.

And it occurred to me that I was the priest in the parable of the good Samaritan.

Okay, so the situations are nowhere near the same. But I used the excuse of not having the time to be a help to someone. The point is that it’s so easy to allow our own agendas, our own schedules to get in the way of love and compassion.

“I don’t have time to help.” “It’s not convenient right now.” “I’m too busy; I’ve got a lot on.”

The point of the parable was to teach what it meant to love your neighbour as yourself. The reality is that the needs of the world, and the people we meet around us, are never convenient. They don’t wait until we’re ready for them. We have to be prepared to stop and be the one who can make a difference, and not just walk on by leaving compassion to someone else. Let it be us.

“The Lord is gracious and righteous; our God is full of compassion.” (Psalm 116:5)

So, to the milkman, whoever and wherever you are: Sorry.

Being the Chosen One

So, unless we’ve been living in a cave for the last week, we’ll know the earth-shattering news that David Moyes is no longer the manager of Manchester United. Well, it’s probably earth-shattering to Mr Moyes.

After Sir Alex Ferguson hand-picked him as his successor, he was dubbed ‘The Chosen One.’ The messianic overtones were unmistakeable. Now, of course, he’s The Sacked One. The great hope of continued, and greater success, evaporated quicker than Aston Villa’s hopes of being anything other than mediocre (can you spot my team in there?). And now the great Man Utd folk hero, Ryan Giggs, has stepped up to lead the team for the final few matches. And now there is hope again. The change has been made, and now comes the expectation to play ‘the Man Utd way’ (whatever that is).

While this was going on, I was preparing to preach on John 20:19-23. It is the evening of the resurrection, and we find the disciples locked up in a room out of fear. Mary had reported seeing the risen Jesus, and Peter and John had witnessed the empty tomb, but still they were terrified and confused. All their hopes had rested on Jesus; they thought he was the Messiah. But the Messiah looked like he had failed. That wasn’t in the script.

This was a movement dead on its feet. The religious leaders knew what they were doing when they went to the Romans for Jesus’ execution. They didn’t just want Jesus dead, they wanted him humiliated. They wanted his followers, anyone who had held out any hope in him, to know that there was no hope. There was no going forward beyond the cross.

But then came the empty tomb, which changed everything.

And into that locked, fear-filled, stood Jesus. And to this group of men who had run away, even denied him, Jesus showed the nail marks and declared peace to them. And then he said this: “As the Father has sent me, even so I am sending you.” (John 20:21)

For me, this is one of the proofs of the resurrection. This group of broken, humbled, sorrowful men and women would be the messengers of God’s kingdom and Jesus’ death and resurrection. They would change the world through their message of God’s love and forgiveness in Jesus. What could have changed them so dramatically except for something extraordinary? Only the resurrection provides a satisfactory answer.

Maybe Ryan Giggs can turn Man Utd’s season round at the end; maybe a new manager can ring the changes. But it’s only Jesus who can change the world, only his death and resurrection that can make us right with God. Amongst all the false messiahs, all the things we put our trust in and think will satisfy us, amongst all that the world offers, there’s only one who is the real deal – the one who is the way, the truth and the life.

 

Humility and humiliation

When I was in the university CU, I remember a friend saying once, “Don’t pray for humility. God may just give it to you.” We laughed about it, but the point was well made. If we did ask God to make us more humble, what would he have to do to make it happen? Would we be willing to be humiliated?

We just have to open a newspaper and read about the latest celebrity getting up to something they shouldn’t to see what humiliation looks like. Or watch programmes like Britain’s Got Talent or the X Factor. Amongst all the really talented people who audition, there are the ones who appear to have been selected to be shown on TV because they’re rubbish. Millions tune in to watch them humiliated, to give us something to laugh at. But, hey, it makes great television. Honestly, though, what does this tell us about the state of our society? But that’s another matter.

Who would knowingly, willingly, deliberately put themselves up to be humiliated? It is utterly counter-intuitive.

We often forget the connection between these two words – humility and humiliation. To be humble means to think less of ourselves in favour of others, not to ‘blow our own trumpet’ and so on. In Philippians 2, Paul encourages the Christians he’s corresponding with to be humble, to consider others’ needs above their own. That’s great. But the example he uses is an uncomfortable one: Jesus himself. It might seem strange to say it’s an uncomfortable example, but it is.

There is the pre-existent Son of God, receiving the praise of heaven, but wiling to ‘take the form of a servant’, be born as a lowly man, and then die on a cross. It’s easy perhaps to think of humility here. But read the gospel accounts again. This is what we find. Jesus was:

– Betrayed by his friend;
– Brought before a court full of people who have already made up their minds that he should be killed;
– Declared innocent by Pilate, but then still given over to be crucified;
– Given a mock kingly purple robe, with jeering Roman soldiers bowing in fake deference, and a crown of thorns, not placed delicately on his head, but rammed down hard;
– Beaten, scourged and spat on
– Led out before a crowd baying for blood;
– had that robe taken away, leaving him probably naked, as he’s placed on the cross;

And then there is the cross itself, not just an instrument of torture, but a fate reserved for the worst criminals. And while on the cross, all that could be heard was the sound of people shouting up abuse, watching him die. They kept on shouting his words back at him, like knocking down the temple and rebuilding it in three days, but misunderstanding and misinterpreting his words.

This isn’t just humility. This is humiliation.

So when we think of the cross this Holy Week, we have to keep in our mind not just that Jesus was humble, but that he was willing to be humiliated. Willing to do this to bring about God’s plan to save people like us – and people like those who did all of the above. Now, that is love.